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Memory and History of Mexico ’68

Author:

Eugenia Allier Montaño

National Autonomous University of Mexico, MX
About Eugenia
Eugenia Allier-Montaño is Researcher at the Institute for Social Research of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and Professor at the School of Latin-American Studies at the same university. Her main areas of interest are collective memory, recent history, transitions to democracy, armed movements and student movements. Her last book (coedited with Emilio Crenzel) is The Struggles for Memory in Latin American. Recent History and Political Violence (New York, Macmillan Palgrave, 2015). She is also the author of Batallas de la memoria. Los usos políticos del pasado reciente en Uruguay, which won ‘Honourable Mention’ in the contest ‘Mejor libro en Historia Reciente y Memoria 2012’ of the Recent History and Memory Section of the Latin American Studies Association. She has been named Chair d’Études du Mexique Contemporain at the Université de Montréal.
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Abstract

The student movement Mexico ’68 (Sesenta-y-ocho) that was active between July and December of 1968 has come to be seen as one of the most important events of the second half of the twentieth century in Mexico, in both public memory and national history. However as this was not always the case, the aim of this article is to analyse the transformations and permanencies in the many accounts that have formed over the last four decades concerning the Mexican summer of 1968, giving attention to four types of narrative: public debates, the specialized historiography on the student movement, books dealing with national history, and the official history. This analysis is intended to show how the ‘historical centrality’ of 1968 was progressively formed in the national public space and in historiographic discourse.

 

Resumen: Memorias e historias de México 68

 

El movimiento estudiantil de México 68 (Sesenta-y-ocho) que tuvo lugar entre julio y diciembre de 1968 se considera como uno de los acontecimientos más importantes de México en la segunda mitad del siglo XX, tanto desde la memoria pública como desde la historiografía nacional. Sin embargo, como esto no siempre fue así, el objetivo del artículo es analizar las transformaciones y permanencias en las múltiples narraciones que se han creado a lo largo de las últimas cuatro décadas acerca del verano mexicano del 68, dando preeminencia a cuatro narrativas: los debates públicos, la historiografía especializada sobre el movimiento estudiantil, los libros abocados a la historia nacional y la historia oficial. Este análisis busca mostrar cómo se fue conformando la ‘centralidad histórica’ del 68 en el espacio público nacional y en los discursos historiográficos.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.10092
How to Cite: Allier Montaño, E. (2016). Memory and History of Mexico ’68. ERLACS, (102), 7–25. DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.10092
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Published on 13 Oct 2016.
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